What is Title IX (NINE)?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination based on sex in education and activities in federally funded schools, colleges and universities. Title IX applies to women and men, students and employees.
What Title IX Covers
Title IX prohibits the following types of discrimination:
Title IX prohibits public colleges and universities from discriminating on the basis of sex in the recruitment or admission of students into its programs, in providing financial assistance, and in participating in athletics. Often, Title IX is most directly associated with women in college athletics programs, but it applies to all programs and services offered by the college.
Title IX prohibits sex-based harassment by peers, employees, or third parties that is sufficiently serious to deny or limit a student’s ability to participate in or benefit from educational programs or activities at the College. Sexual harassment is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature, such as unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature. Gender-based harassment is another form of sex-based harassment and refers to unwelcome conduct based on an individual’s actual or perceived sex, including harassment based on gender identity or nonconformity with sex stereotypes, and not necessarily involving conduct of a sexual nature. Stalking is also a form of sex-based harassment.
Sexual violence is a form of sexual harassment and refers to physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent (e.g., due to the student’s age or use of drugs or alcohol, or because an intellectual or other disability prevents the student from having the capacity to give consent). A number of different acts fall into the category of sexual violence, including rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, sexual abuse, and sexual coercion.
When sex-based harassment is serious, it creates a hostile environment. The College’s responsibility is to take measures to avoid the creation of hostile environments wherever possible and if a hostile environment develops to remedy it immediately. There are different remedies the College can take to address a hostile environment:
- Stopping contact between the victim and the attacker (or respondent), such as by giving a “no contact directive” to the respondent, adjusting course schedules or restricting access to campus where necessary;
- Providing academic accommodations, such as giving extra time to complete assignments;
- Modifying your work schedule if you work on campus to prevent interaction with the respondent;
- Providing counseling and other support services